Written By RAJ Lally Sharma on 14.4.11 | Thursday, April 14, 2011
The 1919 Amritsar massacre, known alternately as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre ( ਜਲ੍ਹਿਆਂਵਾਲਾ ਬਾਗ਼ ਹਤਿਆਕਾਂਡ, Hindi: जलियांवाला बाग़ हत्याकांड, Urdu: جليانوالہ باغ ہتياکانڈ Jallianwala Bāġa Hatyākāṇḍ) for after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar where, on April 13, 1919 (which happened to be 'Baisakhi' one of Punjab's largest religious festivals) fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women and children without warning. The shooting lasted for ten to fifteen minutes, until ammunition ran out. Dyer ordered soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot to kill.Official British Raj sources estimated the fatalities at 379, and with 1,100 wounded.Civil Surgeon Dr Smith indicated that there were 1,526 casualties. However, the casualty number quoted by the Indian National Congress was more than 1,500, with roughly 1,000 killed
Narrow passage to Jalianwala Bagh Garden through which the shooting was conducted
The Jallianwalla Bagh during 1919, months after the massacre.